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Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. Environmental factors play a major role in triggering and sustaining asthma symptoms with continuous exposure. Symptoms improve with cessation of exposure to pollutants and allergens. The asthma triggers (which could also be asthma trigger foods) are responsible for closing airways and making it harder for air to travel through them, which results in breathing difficulties, as demonstrated below.
Asthma causes coughing, wheezing, and breathlessness. All asthma symptoms may not necessarily be present simultaneously. Some asthmatic patients perceive their symptoms poorly. This poor perception of symptoms in some cases can lead sometimes to a near fatal asthmatic attack. Such patients benefit from home Peak Flow monitoring, asthma education and open door policy / easy access by the caregiver.
Clinical asthma treatment depends on a careful assessment of the patient’s symptoms, along with clinical examination, spirometry (lung function test), peak flow and exhaled nitric oxide monitoring. Asthma medication such as bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory medicines, mainly in the form of an asthma inhaler (or nebulizer in case of a serious asthma attack) are tailored to a patient’s asthma severity staging.
Patient education about asthma, asthma medications and creation of an asthma action plan is a powerful tool to control asthma and prevent asthma attacks. Recent advances in patient education make use of mobile health and interactive learning, which in turn also encourages a strong patient-doctor partnership in the management of bronchial asthma.
At JTS Medical Centre, we help asthma patients identify the root cause of their problem by identifying the allergens that their airways are reacting negatively to. Every asthma patient has different triggers which need to be avoided in order to lessen the likelihood of an asthmatic attack. Along with identification of allergens, it is also necessary to monitor the severity of the asthma attack in order to prescribe the correct form of treatment. Along with the above, our doctors help patients to create an asthma action plan or modify their lifestyle in order to prevent future asthma attacks.